In 2014, the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments in the EU is expected to have reached a new peak of around 2.7 billion nights, up by 1.7% compared with 2013. Following the decline observed in 2009 with the beginning of the financial crisis, there has been a steady increase in the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments in the EU over the last 5 years. This pattern can be observed for nights spent by both residents and non-residents.
In 2014, France (403 million nights, -1.2% compared with 2013) and Spain (401 mn, +3.1%) continued to be the top Member States in terms of tourism nights, followed by Italy (370 mn, -1.8%) and Germany (366 mn, +2.9%). These estimates, which include nights spent whether for business or leisure, come from a publication issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
The number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments in 2014 grew in the majority of Member States for which data are available, with the largest increases being observed in Latvia (+11.1%), Belgium (+7.2%), Portugal (+7.1%) and Greece (+6.9%). In contrast, the largest falls were recorded in Slovakia (-5.5%), Finland (-1.9%) and Italy (-1.8%).
After the two Mediterranean island Member States, Malta (96%) and Cyprus (94%), the highest shares of nights spent by non-residents were registered in 2014 in Croatia (92%), Luxembourg (88%) and Greece (79%), and the lowest in Romania (18%), Poland (19%) and Germany (20%). In the EU, the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation establishments by non-residents grew faster (+2.3%) between 2013 and 2014 that those spent by residents (+1.1%). In 2014, the largest increases in nights spent by non-residents were observed in the Netherlands (+10.2%), Latvia (+9.9%), Denmark, Portugal and Romania (all +8.3%) and Greece (+8.0%), and by residents in Latvia (+13.9%), Malta (+11.2%), Hungary (+8.2%) and Belgium (+8.1%). In absolute figures, Spain (260 million nights, or 21% of the total of nights spent by non-residents in the EU) and Italy (184 mn, or 15%) recorded the highest number of nights spent by non-residents in their tourism accommodation establishments.
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Under the Statistical classification of economic activities (NACE Rev. 2), tourism accommodation establishments include: